Half a century after the CIA's Secret War in Laos—the largest bombing campaign in history—explosive remnants of war continue to be part of people's everyday lives. In Bomb Children, Leah Zani offers a perceptive analysis of the long-term, often subtle, and unintended effects of massive air warfare. Zani traces the sociocultural impact of cluster submunitions—known in Laos as “bomb children”—through stories of explosives clearance technicians and others living and working in these old air strike zones. Zani presents her ethnography alongside poetry written in the field, crafting a startlingly beautiful analysis of state terror, authoritarian revival, rapid development, and ecological contamination. In so doing, she proposes that postwar zones are their own cultural and area studies, offering new ways to understand the parallel relationship between ongoing war violence and postwar revival.

Available to order at Duke University Press.

Read the introduction for free online!

Bomb Children is nothing short of breathtaking. [...] In Zani's hands, fieldwork becomes a flexible toolkit, selectively and strategically deployed to grasp the object of military wasting in a revealing and ethically responsible way." — Joshua O. Reno, author of Waste Away: Working and Living with a North American Landfill

Bomb Children is a riveting and reflexive account of war remains, military waste, and ‘development’ in contemporary Laos [...] that looks to the war damages that are not over and that remain viscerally present in the everyday of people's lives.” — Ann Laura Stoler, author of Duress: Imperial Durabilities in Our Times

"A thoroughly original work, Bomb Children is likely to become a useful reference for students and scholars alike, and indeed anyone interested in the social consequences of airstrikes. It is also an arresting personal account of the hazards of fieldwork in a highly monitored and dangerous country." — Erin Lin, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Ohio State University


2019    Bomb Children: Life in the Former Battlefields of Laos. Durham: Duke University Press. 

Manuscript in Preparation    Strike Patterns: Lives After a Secret War. Stanford: Redwood Press.


Peer-Reviewed Publications

2019     "How We Review and Support the Art of Ethnographic Poetry at Anthropology and Humanism." Anthropology and HHumanism 44(2),182-188.

2018      Bomb Ecologies.” Environmental Humanities 10(2), 528-531.

2018      The Dragon and the River: Poetic Parallelism in Hazardous Research.” Anthropology and Humanism 43(1), 107-125.

2012      Reflections on American Anthropology: A Conference at UC Irvine.”  American Anthropologist 114(4), 584-592. (with Chima Anyadike Danes et al.)


Invited Talks & Interviews

2019     Ethnographic Poetry & Arts Salon at Ethnographic Terminalia. The Hanger at the Center for Digital Media. Vancouver, Canada.

2018     “Special Feature with Leah Zani and Robin Mejia.” Turning Pages, KWMR Radio. Point Reyes Station, CA: KWMR, 8/16/2018.

2017     “The Red Dot: Abstraction and Uncertainty in Explosives Clearance.” Geography Colloquium. University of California, Berkeley.

2017     “Blast Radius.” Militarized Ecologies Workshop. Sawyer Center Documenting War and the Center for Global Peace and Conflict Studies. University of California, Irvine.

2016      “Curated Destruction: Evidence of Military Waste in Postwar Zones and Beyond.” Executive Program Committee Invited Session at the Annual Conference for the American Anthropological Association. Minneapolis, MN.

2015      “We All Die: Buddhist-based Mine Risk Education.” Who Cares? The Economies, Technologies, and Ethics of Aid. Irvine, CA.

2013      “Researching Loss and Recovering in the Land of a Million Bombs.” Coalition for National Science Funding Day. Washington, DC.

2013      “Patchwork: Crafting Whole Communities of Variability.” Education Revolution. San Francisco, CA.

2012      “Blast Radius: Expanding Victims’ Rights in the Land of a Million Bombs.”  Working for Human Rights At Home and Abroad: The UC Human Rights Fellows Conference. University of California, Berkeley.


Editor-Reviewed Publications (Selected)

2019     “Battlefields, Fieldpoems.” Kenyon Review Online (Sept/Oct). (With Nomi Stone)

2019     "Book Review: Changing Lives in Laos: Society, Politics, and Culture in a Post-Socialist State." Asian Ethnology 78(1), 247-259.

2019     Fieldpoem 18: Children.Consequence Magazine (11, Spring), 279.

2019    "A Fieldpoem for World Poetry Day." Anthropology News. Online 3/20/2019.

2017     Cultural Anthropology Responds to Trump.” Fieldsights: Collaboration Studio. Cultural Anthropology Online. Online 11/9/2017. (With Darren Byler)

2016      A New Vision for Teaching Tools.” Fieldsights: Teaching Tools. Cultural Anthropology Online. Online 2/12/2016.

2015      Bomb Ecologies? Inhabiting Disability in Postconflict Laos.” Somatosphere. Online 6/15/2015.

2015     Teaching Embodiment through Technology.” Fieldsights: Teaching Tools. Cultural Anthropology Online. Online 5/17/2015. (With Marzieh Kaivanara)

2015      Clearing the Land of a Million Bombs.” Tikkun Daily. Online 3/28/2015.

2014      Note from the Field: Charting Territories without Maps.” Platypus. Online 9/9/2014.

2014      “Satan at the Center and Double Rhizomes: Discussing ‘Spheres’ and Beyond with Peter Sloterdijk.” Los Angeles Review of Books. Online 1/14/2014. (with Peter Sloterdijk and the Irvine Sloterdijk Reading Group)

Panels & Workshops (Selected)

2020     "Ethnographic Poetry Workshop." Ethnography in the Time of COVID. University of California, San Diego.

2019     "War Ecologies I: Pollution and Imperial Apparatus." Annual Conference for the American Anthropological Association. Vancouver, Canada.

2019     "The Gone Man: Reckoning with the Disappeared in Postwar Laos." Annual Conference for the American Anthropological Association. Vancouver, Canada.

2018     "The Body That Wasn't There: Political Disappearance and Postwar Violence in Laos." Annual Conference for the American Anthropological Association. San Jose, CA.

2016     "Teaching Anthropology." Society for Cultural Anthropology Student-Faculty Workshops. Annual Conference for the American Anthropological Association. Minneapolis, MN.

2016     “Writing Workshop: Teaching Philosophies.” Cultural Anthropology Online. Virtual workshop held online.

2016     “When I Grow Up!” Girl Scouts STEM Career Fair. NASA Ames Research Center. Moffett Field, CA.

2016     “Reading Between the Lines.” Anthropology in Transit. University of California, Irvine.

2015     “Ghost Mines: Transforming Battlefields into Marketplaces in Laos.” Annual Conference for the American Anthropological Association. Denver, CO.

2015      “I Swear I’m Not a Spy: Anonymity, Subject Protections, and Faith in Fieldwork in Lao PDR.” Southeast Asian Studies Symposium. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

2015      “Adding Values: Religious Revival, Economic Reform, and Faith-based Development in Lao PDR.” EuroSEAS Conference. Vienna, Austria.

2014      “Developing Danger: Risk, Disability, and Development in the Land of a Million Bombs.” Associated Graduate Students Symposium. University of California, Irvine.

2014      “Geographies of Care and Intervention Workshop.” School of Humanities. University of California, Irvine.

2013      “Speculative Ecologies Workshop.” The Center for Ethnography. University of California, Irvine.

2012      “Sites of Uncertainty: Embodying Improvised Practice and Theory in the Field.” Anthropology in Transit: Defining Crisis: Anthropologies in/of Uncertainty. University of California, Irvine.

2012      “Animating Bodies: Tarde’s Theory of Imitation in the Land of a Million Bombs.” Annual Conference for the American Anthropological Association. San Francisco, CA.

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,Image: A cache of live bombs 

mostly cluster submunitions, abandoned 

at a provincial office in Phonesvanah, Laos